New article in The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness

The article entitled “Physiological demands of standing and wheelchair fencing in able-bodied fencers“, by Xavier Iglesias, Ferran A. Rodríguez, Rafael Tarragó, Lindsay Bottoms, Lisímaco Vallejo, Lara Rodríguez–Zamora and Michael Price, has been published in The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness.

The study derives from data obtained in ten male able-bodied fencers of regional level with previous training experience in wheelchair fencing and was done jointly by members of our group, members of the School of Life and Medical Science of the University of Hertfordshire (UK) and members of the Department of Biomolecular and Sports Sciences of the Coventry University (UK).

Download the article here: The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness

Imatge Blog FE2


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New article in Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine

The article entitled “Blood lactate accumulation during competitive freediving and synchronized swimming” by Lara Rodríguez-Zamora, Harald K. Engan, Angelica Lodin-Sundström, Fanny Schagatay, Xavier Iglesias, Ferran A. Rodríguez and Erika Schagatay, has been published in the the Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc 45 (1), 55-63, 2018. 
The study derives from data obtained during competition events in six disciplines of competitive freediving and three disciplines of synchronized swimming, and was done jointly by members of our group and the Department of Health Sciences of the Mid Sweden Univeristy (Östersund, Sweden), where Lara Rodríguez-Zamora (PhD) is developing her professional academic activity after having done her thesis about the SynchroProject in our group.
Download the article here:
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Lara Rogríduez-Zamora (PhD) preparing one of the synchronized swimmers during the SynchroProject.

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New article in M.L.T.J.

The article entitled “Differences between the sexes in athletes’ body composition and lower limb bioimpedance values”, by Gabriele Mascherini, Jorge Castizo-Olier, Alfredo Irurtia, Cristian Petri and Giorgio Galanti, has been published in the Muscle, Ligaments and Tendons Journal.

The study derives from data obtained in elite soccer players of the same age registered with the athletics federation at the maximum level (Italian Serie A for both sexes) and was done jointly by members of our group and the Department of Experimental and Clinic Medicine of the University of Florence, Italy.

Download the article here: Muscle, Ligaments and Tendons Journal, 7(4), 573-581

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Ponències castelleres

En el marc del 70è aniversari de la Colla dels Castellers de Vilafranca, el proppassat 14 d’abril al Fòrum Ramonet van organitzar-se unes ponències castelleres al voltant de la forma física i la seguretat en els castells. Els tres ponents van ser el Dr. Jordi Porta, el Dr. Alfred Irurtia i el Dr. Jaume Rosset.

Tant l’Escola Catalana de Cineantropometria com el propi GRCE van estar representats per dos dels seus membres, Dr. Jordi Porta i el Dr. Alfred Irurtia. Ambdós professors varen presentar les seves respectives ponències davant d’una bona part de la representació castellera del municipi de Vilafranca així com d’altres indrets de Catalunya. Posteriorment, es va organitzar una taula rodona en que tothom va tenir l’oportunitat d’interactuar i plantejar preguntes o reflexions als ponents.

Els castells del segle XXI: què es necessita per assolir el 3D11FMP i 9 NETS – Dr. Jordi Porta (

Nens o nenes, nois o noies, homes o dones: quins són més eficients per fer castells. –  Dr. Alfred Irurtia (

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Vilafranca (4)Vilafranca (5)

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Sailing science with FNOB – Barcelona World Race


The Fundació Navegació Oceànica Barcelona (FNOB) continues to foster scientific research during the Barcelona World Race (BWR) through an initiative provisionally called FNOBLab.

Ocean sailing around-the-world regattas, such as the BWR, are unbeatable test platforms for scientific research projects that can impact society, both in the environmental field and in the mental and physical performance .

The projects have been divided into two areas, the first oriented to the human factor and its physiological, physical and psychological performance in extreme conditions, and the second, focused on the health of the oceans.

At this moment the entities participating in the meetings are: University of Barcelona (UB); Center for Research in Biomedical Engineering (CREB) of the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC); National Institute of Physical Education of Catalonia (INEFC); IQS-Instituto Químico de Sarriá, founding member of the Ramón Llull University; Institut de Ciències del Mar (ICM) of the Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC); Leitat Technological Center; Eurecat, Technological Center of Catalonia; Centre d’Alt Rendiment Sant Cugat (CAR); Gastrocultura Mediterrània; and Fundación Estivill Sueño, which have already agreed to carry out a list of desirable projects that may be part of the next edition of the Barcelona World Race.

The GRCE–INEFC will lead and collaborate with CREB–UPC in two projects focused on the bioenergetics, heart neuromodulation, external and internal physical load and data science of ocean sailing during the 2019 BWR regatta, starting on January 12, 2019.


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New paper in International Journal of Sport Physiology and Performance

The paper entitled “Dynamics of the metabolic response during a competitive 100-m freestyle in elite male swimmers“, by Philippe Hellard, Robin Pla, Ferran A. Rodríguez, David Simbana and David B. Pyne, has been published in the International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance (JCR IF: 2.654).

The study compared the dynamics of V̇O2, blood lactate ([La]b), total energy expenditure (Etot), and contributions of anaerobic alactic (Ean,al), anaerobic lactic (Ean,lac), and aerobic (Eaer) metabolic energy pathways over four consecutive 25-m laps (L0-25, L25-50, L50-75, L75-100) of a 100-m maximal swim. Fifty junior and senior elite swimmers performed 100 m at maximal speed, and then three trials (25, 50 and 75 m) at the same pace as that of the 100 m. The estimated energetic contributions (%Etot) for the 100-m trial were: Eaer 44 ± 7%, Ean,al 33 ± 4%, Ean,lac 23 ± 7%. Faster swimmers were characterized by higher peak V̇O2, and less time to reach the highest V̇O2 at ~50 m of the 100-m swim. Anaerobic qualities become more important with age.

This project was carried out in collaboration with the Research Department of the  French Swimming Federation, the Laboratoire for Sport, Expertise, Performance (INSEP),  the Centre d’Études des Transformations des Activités Physiques et Sportives (CETAPS), University of Rouen Normandy, the Research Institute for Sport and Exercise (University of Canberra), and the Physiology department of the Australian Institute of Sport.

Model 2

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New in Entropy

The paper entitled “Assessment of heart rate variability during an endurance mountain trail race by multi-scale entropy analysis“, authored by Montserrat Vallverdú, Aroa Ruiz-Muñoz, Emma Roca, Pere Caminal, Ferran A. Rodríguez, Alfredo Irurtia and Alexandre Perera has been published in Entropy  (JCR IF: 1.821).

The study analyzed the heart rate variability (HRV) response to high-intensity exercise during a 35-km mountain trail race to ascertain whether fitness level could influence the autonomic nervous system modulation. Time-domain, frequency-domain, and multi-scale entropy indexes (MSE) were calculated for 11 mountain-trail runners. Many changes were observed, mostly related to exercise load and fatigue. The time-domain, frequency-domain, and MSE indexes were also able to discriminate faster from slower runners, mainly in the more difficult and in the final stages of the race. These findings suggest the use of HRV analysis to study cardiac function mechanisms in endurance sports.

This project was carried out in collaboration with ESAII, Centre for Biomedical Engineering Research, and Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Bioingeniería, Biomateriales y Nanomedicina (CIBER-BBN), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC).


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Keynote lecture at the 20th International Symposium on Altitude Training 2017 in Tomi, Nagano, Japan

The Society of Altitude and Hypoxic Training of Japan, to our knowledge the World’s oldest society focused on altitude training, successfully organized the 20th International Symposium on Altitude Training in Tomi City, Nagano.

National and international keynotye speakers experts were invited to lecture in the meeting, including: Robert Chapman (Indiana University, Bloomington) Kazonobu Okazaki (Osaka City University, Japan), Futoshi Ogita (National Institute of Fitness and Sports, Kanoya), Mizuki Noguchi (Olympic champion in the Athens 2004 marathon) and Ferran A. Rodríguez (INEFC Catalunya, Universitat de Barcelona).

The lecture presented by Ferran A. Rodríguez was “Altitude training for enhancing sea-level performance in elite swimmers”. Congratulations to professor Masaaki Sugita, President of The Society of Altitude and Hypoxic Training of Japan, and his wonderful team.


Robert Chapman (right), Kazonobu Okazaki (center), Ferran A. Rodríguez (left) and Mizuki Noguchi (front).

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Lecture at the “Forum on Science in Swimming: Preparing for the Olympic Games”, Hangzhou, China

The China Institute of Sport Science (CISS), one of the World’s largest sports science public institutions, successfully organized the “Forum on Science in Swimming: Preparing for the Olympic Games” in preparation for the Tokyo 2020 Olympics.

Five international experts were invited to lecture in the meeting: Xiaoping Chen (CISS), Jason Dierking (University of Louisville), Bruce Mason (Swimming Australia), Chris Brammer (Counsilman Center for the Science of Swimming), Dudley Duncan (Quest Swimming), and Ferran A. Rodríguez (INEF Catalonia, UB).

The lectures presented by Ferran A. Rodríguez were:

Altitude training for Olympic swimmers: facts and fancy” and

Energy metabolism-based diagnosis and training in normal and altitude environment: applications in World-class swimming athletes

Congratulations to the CISS and the whole team for the great success of this international event. Watch the Chinese, guys! They are on the blocks.


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New article in PLoS One

The article entitled “Bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) for measuring the hydration status in young elite synchronized swimmers”, by Marta Carrasco-Marginet, Jorge Castizo-Olier, Lara Rodríguez-Zamora, Xavier Iglesias, Ferran A. Rodríguez, Diego Chaverri, Daniel Brotons and Alfredo Irurtia, has been published in PLoS One (IF: 2.806, Q1 Sport Science).

The study derives from data obtained in elite young synchronised swimmers during the SYNCHRO Project and was done jointly by members of our group, the Department of Health Sciences of the Mid Sweden University (Östersund, Sweden) and the Sport and Health Area of the Catalan Sport Council (Barcelona, Spain).

Download the article here:



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